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Go – HandleHTTP Function in net/rpc package in Go

In this article, we will explore the HandleHTTP Function in net/rpc package in Go in detail, along with examples.


Go, also known as Golang, is a powerful programming language suitable for building concurrent and networked applications. One of the standard libraries provided by Go is the ‘net/rpc’ package, which enables developers to create and use Remote Procedure Calls (RPC) for communication between different application components. In this article, we will explore the HandleHTTP function, an essential feature of the ‘net/rpc’ package, and discuss its purpose, usage, and a practical example to better understand its functionality.

What is HandleHTTP Function ?

The HandleHTTP function is part of the ‘net/rpc’ package in Go, which primarily facilitates creating RPC clients and servers. This function allows you to serve RPC requests over HTTP, using the default ‘rpc’ server instance. This function registers the server to the default HTTP handler so that the server can handle incoming HTTP requests with the specified endpoint for RPC.

Function Signature

The function signature for HandleHTTP is as follows:

func HandleHTTP()

The HandleHTTP function takes no arguments and returns no values. It registers the default ‘rpc’ server instance to the HTTP handler and uses the DefaultServeMux provided by the ‘net/http’ package to serve HTTP requests.


Let’s take a look at an example to understand how the HandleHTTP function works in conjunction with the ‘net/rpc’ package:

package main

import (

type Greeter struct{}

func (g *Greeter) Greet(name *string, reply *string) error {

	*reply = fmt.Sprintf("Hello, %s!", *name)
	return nil

func main() {

	addr := "localhost:12345"

	greeter := new(Greeter)



	listener, err := net.Listen("tcp", addr)

	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("Error listening:", err)
	defer listener.Close()

	fmt.Printf("RPC server listening on %s\n", addr)

	http.Serve(listener, nil)

In this example, we create a simple RPC server that responds to Greet function calls. We define a ‘Greeter’ type and a ‘Greet’ method for that type. The ‘Greet’ method takes a name as input and returns a greeting message.

We then create an instance of ‘Greeter’, register it with the ‘net/rpc’ package using ‘rpc.Register()’, and call the ‘HandleHTTP()’ function to register the default ‘rpc’ server instance to the HTTP handler. Afterward, we create a listener using ‘net.Listen()’ on ‘localhost:12345’ and serve HTTP requests using ‘http.Serve()’.

Note that this example demonstrates the server-side implementation of the RPC system. To fully test the functionality, you would need to create a separate client-side implementation to connect to this server and call the ‘Greet’ method over HTTP.


The HandleHTTP function in Go’s ‘net/rpc’ package is a valuable tool for building and serving RPC servers over HTTP. By registering the default ‘rpc’ server instance to the HTTP handler, it enables smooth communication between different application components using the familiar HTTP protocol. As demonstrated in the example above, using the HandleHTTP function along with the ‘net/rpc’ package to create an RPC server over HTTP is simple and efficient. This powerful feature streamlines the process of implementing RPC systems in Go, allowing developers to focus on other aspects of their applications.

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Posted in golang, net, packages

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